Yes, if their constituent foglets have the right tools.
That an interesting question. It mainly comes down to distinction. An AI is not a computer program. A VI is a computer program meant to make a friendly user interface or to imitate humanity in some fashion. An AI is actually a simulated brain based on research into human brains. They are therefore completely sentient. This includes both collective made and human made AIs. The Collective's name can be misleading in that respect, I suppose, so I will clarify that the Collective are not a hive mind. They are a military force. Their main purpose is to expand technology and to fight for the rights of sentient beings, especially robots.